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Visiting Jiayuguan Pass – the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China & Learning about Sparrow & Stone Legend along the Ancient Silk Road

Filed Under (China, Gansu, Jiayuguan, Silk Road, Travelling) by Janet on 14-08-2009

Visiting Jiayuguan Pass Historical Relic District along Ancient Silk Road in ChinaVisiting Jiayuguan Pass Historical Relic District along Ancient Silk Road in China

Me wearing red Hat Visiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Here’s a pic of the magnificient & best preserved Jiayuguan Pass – built initially in the Ming Dynasty as far back as 1372, it underwent a construction duration of 168 years to become the most majestic Pass among more than 1000 Passes along the Great Wall of China.

Jiayuguan Pass has the overlapped Structure consisting of 3 Layers of Defence - an Inner City containing the largest Pass buildings, an Outer CIty surrounded by a large Wall dotted with Watchtowers, Turrets, & high-terrace Pavilions, & a Moat – & connected to the Great Wall of China to constitute a Military Defensive System.  

Visiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

And in March 1961, Jiayuguan Pass was announced a Cultural Relic under State Protection by the Chinese Government :

Chinese Government Announced Jiayuguan Pass as A Cultural Relic under State Protection in 1961

Me standing outside Jiayuguan Pass :

Me standing outside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadEntering Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadEntering Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadEntering Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadOriginal Wall of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadMap of Jiayuguan Scenic Spots showing  Strategic Location of Jiayuguan Pass on the Narrowest Point of Hexi Corridor Greeting Travellers along World Famous Ancient Silk Road Map of Jiayuguan Scenic Spots showing  Strategic Location of Jiayuguan Pass on the Narrowest Point of Hexi Corridor Greeting Travellers along World Famous Ancient Silk Road Map of Jiayuguan Scenic Spots showing  Strategic Location of Jiayuguan Pass on the Narrowest Point of Hexi Corridor Greeting Travellers along World Famous Ancient Silk Road

Here’s a Map of Jiayuguan Pass :

Map of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Inside Jiayuguan Pass we see lovely Chinese Pavilions with beautiful sceneries……………..

Chinese Pavilions with Beautiful Sceneries inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadLovely Flowers inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting the Trapezoid-Shaped Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting the Trapezoid-Shaped Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting the Trapezoid-Shaped Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadCamels & Horses available for Tourist Riding at Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadCamels & Horses available for Tourist Riding at Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadHorses available for Tourist Riding at Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadOriginal Ancient Tiled Wall of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

We’re now visiting Guandi Temple (or “Guandi Miao” in Chinese) :

Visiting Guandi Temple at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadAncient Chinese Paintings at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Here’s an Ancient Chinese Painted Ceiling of Guandi Temple :

Ancient Chinese Painted Ceiling at Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Guandi Temple at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Guandi Temple at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

And standing directly opposite Guandi Temple is the following Ancient-looking Chinese Opera Tower :

Visiting the Opera Tower - Theatre Platform with Ancient Chinese Opera Stage at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

A popular form of Drama & Musical theatre in China with roots going as far back as 3rd Century CE, Chinese Operas feature colorful Costumes with magnificent Embroideries, gorgeous Headdresses & Hair Ornaments, eleborate Makeups (or Painted Faces), & High-court Shoes acting out Plays which come from Chinese Legendary Tales or Interpretations of actual historical events.

Performing mostly for Chinese Emperors in the past Dynasties, Chinese Opera is nowadays usually performed during Chinese Temple celebrations or Chinese Prayers offering for Chinese Deities & Ancestors, in which all are allowed to enjoy!

Visiting the Opera Tower - Theatre Platform with Ancient Chinese Opera Stage at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting the Opera Tower - Theatre Platform with Ancient Chinese Opera Stage at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadChinese Opera Performers at the Opera Tower - Theatre Platform with Ancient Chinese Opera Stage at Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

There’s to be a Chinese Opera show going on soon here at the Opera Tower but unfortunately our Tour group has to move on exploring Jiayuguan Pass…………….Visiting the Trapezoid-Shaped Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadIntroductions of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadChinese Introductions of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

We’ve now arrived at the Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass……………..

Visiting Chaozong Gate at East Side of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Chaozong Gate at East Side of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Below pics show Guang Hua Tower at the Eastern Gate & with the above Chaozong Gate & its Guang Hua Tower, this Eastern Gate of Jiayuguan Pass is called Guang Hua Gate – which means “Purple Mist Rising from the East & Brilliance Illuminating All Things“:

Visiting Guang Hua Tower inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadVisiting Guang Hua Tower inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadAncient Gate Wall of Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadWalking through Ancient Gate under Guang Hua Tower inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadAncient Gigantic Heavy Metal Gate Door inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Here’re lovely views of Guang Hua Gate :

Visiting Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadJiayuguan Chinese Tour Guide Xiao Ma Introducing Us to the Sparrow Bird & Stone Legend inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

The Sparrow & Stone Legend tells the Story of the Sparrows that used to live here inside Jiayuguan Pass which would fly out of Jiayuguan Pass every mornings, & flew back here in the evenings…………..

One strong windy day, when the Sparrows flew back to Jiayuguan Pass, its Gates were already closed & these Sparrows could not enter the Pass but were knocked dead against the Pass Walls – resulting in their unrested Souls…………….

And since then during cool breezy days, whenever people used Stones to knock at the Walls of Jiayuguan Pass, they would hear the Trapped Souls (inside the Walls) of the dead Sparrows :

Sparrow Bird & Stone Legend inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadLegendary Stone of the Sparrow Bird & Stone Legend inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk RoadRound Marks on the Ancient Gate Wall caused by Ancient Chinese using Stone to Knock on the Gate Wall to Hear Chirping Sounds of Dead Sparrow Birds at Jiayuguan Pass along Ancient Silk Road

Here’s again showing the Legendary Stone of the Sparrow & Stone Legend & part of the original Ancient Wall of Jiayuguan Pass :

Visiting Ancient Gate Wall & Legendary Stone of the Sparrow Bird & Stone Legend inside Jiayuguan Pass - the First & Greatest Pass under Heaven at the West End of the Great Wall of China along the Ancient Silk Road

Ahaha what a sad but most interesting Chinese Legendary tale…………..

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