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Visiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum & Learning about its Legends – located in Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region at Silk Road, China

Filed Under (China, Shopping, Silk Road, Travelling, Tulufan, Turpan, World Souvenirs, Xinjiang) by Janet on 02-09-2009


We’re now travellling past the Flaming Mountains (or “Huo Yan Shan” in Chinese) located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near the Northern rim of the Taklamakan Desert here at the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in Tulufan (or Turpan) along the Silk Road of China…………….

Visiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near the Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

The Flaming Mountains (or Huo Yan Shan) lie 10km East of Tulufan (or Turpan) City, covering about 100km from East to West with a width of 9km – the average height is 500m, & the Highest Peak is 831.7km above Sea Level……………

Visiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museumd located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near the Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

The Flaming Mountains (Hou Yan Shan) Museum is an interesting building cos it’s very low & designed like a Muslim Mosque!!

Visiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museumd located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

The Flaming Mountains (or “Huo Yan Shan” in Chinese) are very famous cos of the Classical Novel “Journey to the West” (or “Si You Ji” in Chinese) – based on the True Story of the famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (or Sanzang) of the Tang Dynasty – mingled with Chinese Fables, Fairy Tales, Legends, Superstitions, Popular Beliefs & Monster Stories!

Monkey King Sun Wukong, the Pig Zhu Bajie & River Demon Sha Wujing Accompanying Monk Sanzang from the Legend of the Flaming Mountains based on the Classic Novel - Journey to the West (or Si You Ji in Chinese) by Famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (Sanzang) of Tang Dynasty at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

In the “Journey to the West” (or Si You Ji), the Monkey King (or “Sun Wukong” in Chinese), the Pig (or “Zhu Bajie” in Chinese), & the River Demon (or “Sha Wujing” in Chinese) were arranged by Buddha to accompany the Chinese Monk Sanzang to the West (to India the Birthplace of Buddhism) to retrieve Buddhist Scriptures & Sutras…………..

Monkey King Sun Wukong, the Pig Zhu Bajie & River Demon Sha Wujing Accompanying Monk Sanzang from the Legend of the Flaming Mountains based on the Classic Novel - Journey to the West (or Si You Ji in Chinese) by Famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (Sanzang) of Tang Dynasty at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Monk Sanzang encountered many obstacles :

On approaching the Flaming Mountains, he found it in Flames fanned up by the Iron Fan Princess. Fortunately, Sun Wukong stole the Princess’s Magic Fan & extinguised the Flames, so that the Party of 4 was able to continue its Journey to the West!

Monkey King Sun Wukong, the Pig Zhu Bajie & River Demon Sha Wujing Accompanying Monk Sanzang from the Legend of the Flaming Mountains based on the Classic Novel - Journey to the West (or Si You Ji in Chinese) by Famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (Sanzang) of Tang Dynasty at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Now, have you wondered why the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) is thus called?!?!

Monkey King Sun Wukong, the Pig Zhu Bajie & River Demon Sha Wujing Accompanying Monk Sanzang from the Legend of the Flaming Mountains based on the Classic Novel - Journey to the West (or Si You Ji in Chinese) by Famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (Sanzang) of Tang Dynasty at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Well, according to the “Journey to the West” Novel, Sun Wukong kicked over an Elixir Oven while fighting with the Gods in Heaven – Charcoals fell from the Oven into the Mountains & started a Fire – hence the name “Flaming Mountains“!

Monkey King Sun Wukong, the Pig Zhu Bajie & River Demon Sha Wujing Accompanying Monk Sanzang from the Legend of the Flaming Mountains based on the Classic Novel - Journey to the West (or Si You Ji in Chinese) by Famous Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (Sanzang) of Tang Dynasty at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

However, according to the Uygur Legend here, a vicious Dragon used to live in the deep Tian Shan Mountain & ate little children…………..

Then an Uygur Hero fought against the Dragon for 3 Days & 3 Nights & cut the Dragon into 8 parts, & the Remains of this Dragon turned into a Scalet Mountain colored by its Blood!! And the Scars turned into the 8 Valleys now found in the Flaming Mountains!!

Hahah very interesting huh!??! But In actual facts, the Flaming Mountains were formed in the Organic Movements of the Himalayas 50 million years ago!! Their striking gullies & trenches have been etched by years of volcanic activity that caused molten lava to course down the Mountainsides, giving the Mountains a Flaming appeareance at certain times of the day!!

Visiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaVisiting the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

We’re now coming closer to look at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum at the Turpan Basins (of the Turpan Depression that includes the 2nd lowest exposed point on the Earth’s surface, after the Dead Sea)………..

Me standing infront of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaLocal Uygur Lady dressed in Traditional Dress sitting on Donkey Cart at the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Hey there’s Donkey Cart riding out here outside the Flaming Mountains Museum!! And there’s even Camel riding too heheh!

Camel Riding Available on Deserts of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of ChinaMe standing infront of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Oh my gosh it’s extremely hot outside here near the glowing Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) under the bright glaring sun!! No wonder these Flaming Mountains are noted to be so Hot & Dry that even Flying Birds 500km away dare not come near!!

Me standing infront of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) outside the Flaming Mountains Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Ahaha do you know what this below is!??!

Visiting the Largest Thermometer located at the Center of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Well, it’s the largest Thermometer in China standing straight in the centre of the Flaming Mountains Museum here in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region at Tulufan (Turpan), Silk Road of China!!

Visiting the Largest Thermometer located at the Center of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Heheh this is so interesting to me!! Guess what’s the Temperature here now!?!? Let me see………….

Visiting the Largest Thermometer located at the Center of the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

OH MY GOD it’s 41.5 degrees celsius (as shown in this GIANT Thermometer!!!) – Did I see it wrongly!?!? NO NO cos I just double & trible checked it hahah!! OH God it’s sosooso HOT today!!! 

In fact, the climate of these deserted Flaming Mountains is very harsh & the temperature here is the highest found in China that sometimes reaches over 80 degrees celsius!! NO joke!!! No wonder this place is locally called “an Oven” hahha!!

Anyway, we quickly take shelter away from the HOT sun to shop in the rather huge Shops Bazaar at the Flaming Mountains Museum where I saw colorful kids’ Uygur traditional dresses which I’d wanted to buy for my nieces (back home in Singapore!!), but they’ve not got the right sizes :( (

However, I manage to buy the following 2 pretty Shawls for Mom & myself :

I Bought 2 Beautiful Shawls from the Flaming Mountains (Huo Yan Shan) Museum Souvenirs Shop located in the Tian Shan Mountain Range near Taklamakan Desert at Tulufan (Turpan) in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region along the Silk Road of China

Wish I’ve got more more time to shop around here but I can’t cos our Tour group’s going off now…………..yeah yeah for more sightseeing here at most culturally cool & most interesting Tulufan (Turpan)!!

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